Respecting intellectual property rights is a foundational principle of Universitas Tadulako's Codes of Ethics as a publisher. So, it is critical to avoid some specific ethical violations (like plagiarism, simultaneous submission, data fabrication, duplicate publication, improper author contribution, citation manipulation). Likewise, English Language Teaching Society (ELTS) is committed to ethical standards in its own editorial policy. The editors of ELTS do their best to ensure fair, unbiased, and transparent peer review processes and editorial decisions.
All authors are deemed to be individually and collectively responsible for the content of papers published by Universitas Tadulako. Hence, it is the responsibility of each author to ensure that papers submitted to ELTS attain the highest ethical standards with respect to plagiarism.
When plagiarism is detected, ELTS will take the.htmls as determined by the type of plagiarism. Unless determined otherwise during the investigation, all authors are deemed to be individually and collectively responsible for the content of a plagiarizing paper. ELTS Editorial Board places the investigation of each claim of plagiarism at the highest priority for resolution and.html.
The editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to should be accepted and published. The editor may be guided by the policies of the scientific panel and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted paper to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author.
Duties of Authors:
Authors should be aware in particular about the following:
In order to avoid ethical violations, all journals published by Universitas Tadulako are committed to only publishing original material that was not published before, except in the form of an abstract or proceedings-type publication (including electronic preprints and discussion papers), or that is considered for publication elsewhere. Authors have to agree on that in a consent form. Furthermore, redundant publications ("salami tactic" of publishing small parts of the same research in several papers) should be avoided.
Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication to ELTS. In addition, sources of financial support, if any, must be clearly disclosed.
Redundant submission of papers to multiple publications is unethical. It wastes the time of the editors and peer reviewers that form research communities and contribute to the publication of scholarly journals. Any article found to have been submitted to more than one journal, published by Universitas Tadulako or another publisher, will be immediately rejected. Sanctions, such as a ban from submitting further publications for a specified period may also be considered. Authors must inform the editors of journals to which they submit their work about any related papers by any of the authors of the article that have been submitted to the same or other journals.
Any manipulation of citations (e.g. including citations not contributing to a manuscript's scientific content, citations solely aiming at increasing an author's or a journal’s citations, etc.) is regarded as scientific malpractice.
Data Fabrication and Falsification
Data fabrication and falsification means the researcher did not actually do the study, but made up the results and had recorded or reported the fabricated information. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but manipulated, changed, or omitted data or results from the research findings. This would lead to public distrust and less willing to provide funding support.
Plagiarism means the use of any material and ideas developed or created by another person without acknowledging the original source. The decision on whether a manuscript should be rejected because of fraud or should proceed to the peer-review process belongs to the handling editor. The similarity reports are also made available to referees.
Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.
Ethical Statement and Copyright Agreement
Ethical Statement must be submitted as a part of author's initial article submission. The Copyright Agreement must be submitted before the article can be published.